Succulents are hardy plants that can grow in a variety of conditions. But it’s important to give them the proper care to thrive.
The first step to planting succulents is choosing the right soil and container. A well-draining mix is a must.
Choose the Right Soil
Succulents are prone to root rot and other problems, so it’s important to choose the right soil for your plants. The best succulent potting soil is porous and well-draining with a lower percentage of organic matter than a standard indoor potting soil mix.
Soil mixtures are made up of a combination of organic and mineral components. The organic component provides nutrients for the plant, and the mineral components are richer in drainage and porosity.
In most cases, a mixture of sand and perlite is an ideal choice for succulents. Sand helps to provide an anchorage for the roots, while perlite improves soil aeration and combats soil compaction.
You can also add some organic amendments, such as peat moss or coco coir, to your soil blend to increase its water-holding capacity. Just remember to mix them in at a ratio of about one part of the existing soil blend to two parts of the amendment.
Choose the Right Container
Choosing the right container for your succulents is vital to their health. A good pot has drainage holes and is made of a breathable material that allows air to circulate around the soil.
Generally speaking, the best types of containers for succulents are made of ceramic or terra cotta. These materials help the roots breathe and dry out quickly, reducing the risk of root rot.
Plastic planters also work well for succulents but may not have the same breathable qualities as ceramic and terra cotta. In addition, these types of pots are typically more expensive than other types of planters.
Glass pots are a beautiful way to display succulents, but they usually lack drainage holes and are not very breathable. They can also be dirty and collect hard water deposits. Besides, glass is prone to breakage. And metal pots can rust, which isn’t ideal for succulents.
Succulents, like most plants, need water. However, succulents have a unique way of storing water which makes it easier for them to survive in dry conditions.
One of the most important things to remember is that succulents should not be watered until their soil or potting medium is completely dry from top to bottom. This will help prevent root rot.
You can test the soil for moisture by sticking your finger down into it or use a moisture meter. You can also check by feeling the leaves on the plant.
Depending on where your succulents are planted, they may need water daily or just once or twice a week. Succulents in hot and dry climates will need more frequent watering than succulents in colder environments.
When planting succulents, it is a good idea to add sand, gravel or other rocky materials to the soil to improve drainage and keep the roots cool. This will also increase the lifespan of your succulents.
Keep Your Plants Healthy
Succulents are drought-tolerant and can survive a long time between waterings. Succulents also store water in their leaves, stems and roots so they don’t need to be constantly wet.
When you water, make sure to get deep into the soil and saturate it thoroughly. Then let the soil dry between waterings.
A good rule of thumb is to water smaller pots once a week and larger ones every other month. Succulents prefer to dry out between waterings and hate having their roots continuously wet.
Plants that have brown or wilted leaves are a sign they’re not getting enough light and need to be moved closer to a bright spot, or repotted/transplanted if necessary.
Pests like gnats are also a common issue. If you see them, spray your succulents with 70% rubbing alcohol to kill the bugs for good.